In India, Nuclear Power is the fifth-largest source of electricity after coal, gas, hydroelectricity and wind power. Currently, as of 2018, India has twenty-two nuclear power reactors in operation in seven nuclear power plants, which has a total installed capacity of 6,780 MW (3.5% of total installed base). Seven more nuclear reactors are under construction with a combined generation capacity of 4,300 MW. Nuclear Plants of India are controlled by Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), a state-owned corporation founded in 1987.
The seven operational nuclear power plants in India are as follows:
1. Tarapur Atomic Power Station
Tarapur Atomic Power Station (T.A.P.S.), located in Tarapur, Palghar, Maharashtra, was the first commercial nuclear power station built in India, having commenced operations in 1969.
The reactor is second most powerful in India today with two Boiling water reactor (BWR) of 160 MW and two Pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) of 540 MV with total capacity of 1400 MV
2. Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant
Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP), located in the Tirunelveli district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the largest nuclear power station in India. It is scheduled to have six Water-Water Energetic Reactor or VVER-1000 reactors which are built in collaboration with Atomstroyexport, the Russian state company, and NPCIL with a total capacity of 2000 MW
3. Kaiga Generating Station
Kaiga Generating Station (KGS) is a nuclear power plant, located near the river Kali in the Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka. It is formed of four 220 MW Pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR) making a total capacity of 880 MW. These reactors have been in operation since the year 2000 and they are operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL)
4. Kakrapar Atomic Power Station
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (K.A.P.S.), located in the proximity of the city of Vyara in the state of Gujarat, consists of two 220 MW Pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) making a total of 440 MW. The plant had a leak in its water systems and was shut down in 1998 for 66 days but later recovered to be awarded the best PHWR, in 2003.
5. Rajasthan Atomic Power Station
Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (R.A.P.S.) is located at North-Western India, Rawatbhata, the state of Rajasthan. It is formed of six Pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR) making a total capacity of 1180 MW, with two more reactors planned.
6. Kalpakkam or Madras Atomic Power Station
Kalpakkam or Madras Atomic Power Station (M.A.P.S.), located at the South of Chennai first began operating in 1984 and is India’s first fully indigenously constructed power station. It is formed of two 220 MW Pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR) making a total capacity of 440 MW.
7. Narora Atomic Power Station
Narora Atomic Power Station (N.A.P.S), located at Bulandshahar District in Uttar Pradesh, is formed of two 220 MW Pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) which makes a total of 440 MW. Unit 1 operation began in 1991 and Unit 2 began in 1992.
So friends, these are all Top 7 Nuclear Power Plants in India. I hope you liked this information about Nuclear Power Plants in India and this article will be useful for you.